Here is WAEC Agric Questions Answers 2022/2023:Objectives and Essay

Here is WAEC Agric Questions Answers 2022/2023:Objectives and Essay

Here is WAEC Agric Questions Answers 2022/2023:Objectives and Essay – WAEC Agric Questions and Answers 2022. Therefore, I will be showing you WAEC Agric Science objective and theory repeated questions for free. And, in fact, you will also understand how WAEC Agriculture questions are set and many more examination details.

The West Africa Examination Council (WAEC)

This is an examination body in Nigeria that conducts the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination. It also conducts the General Certificate in Education in May/June and November/December respectively.

WAEC Agricultural Science Objectives and Essay Answers

The questions below are the WAEC Agriculture Questions. Go through them and be ready to score high in your WAEC 2021 Agric Examination.

Here is WAEC Agric Questions Answers 2022/2023:Objectives and Essay

Paper 1 (Objective)

  1. Which of the following statements about crop production is
    Not correct?
    A. Onions are commonly grown in the rainforest zones.
    B. Yam, cocoyam and cassava are grown in both the rainforest and the savanna regions.
    C. Some foreign vegetable crops are grown in and around urban centres.
    D. Carrots are commonly grown in the savanna and moist vegetation belts.
  2. Which of the following is a disadvantage of surface irrigation?
    A. The quantity of water lost is high.
    B. Water is evenly distributed over the farmland
    C. It is very cheap to operate.
    D. The system is suitable for paddy rice cultivation.
  3. Fine soil tilth is produced by the use of
    A. Harrow.
    B. Plough.
    C. Ridger.
    D. Mower.
  4. The problems of farm mechanization in West Africa include the following
    except
    A. reduction of farm drudgery.
    B. small farm holdings.
    C. poverty of farmers.
    D. poor topography.
  5. Which of the following statements about crop production is Not correct?
    A. Onions are commonly grown in the rainforest zones.
    B. Yam, cocoyam and cassava are grown in both the rainforest and the savanna regions.
    C. Some foreign vegetable crops are grown in and around urban centres.
    D. Carrots are commonly grown in the savanna and moist vegetation belts.
  6. The device which helps to regulate heat in an incubator is the
    A. thermometer.
    B. hygrometer.
    C. insulator.
    D. thermostat.

Here is WAEC Agric Questions Answers

  1. Which of the following is a disadvantage of surface irrigation?
    A. The quantity of water lost is high.
    B. Water is evenly distributed over the farmland
    C. It is very cheap to operate.
    D. The system is suitable for paddy rice cultivation.
  2. Fine soil tilth is produced by the use of
    A. Harrow.
    B. Plough.
    C. Ridger.
    D. Mower.
  3. The problems of farm mechanization in West Africa include the following
    except
    A. reduction of farm drudgery.
    B. small farm holdings.
    C. poverty of farmers.
    D. poor topography.
  4. The device which helps to regulate heat in an incubator is the
    A. thermometer.
    B. hygrometer.
    C. insulator.
    D. thermostat.
  5. The problems associated with land tenure through inheritance include the following except

Here is WAEC Agric Questions Answers 2022/2023:Objectives and Essay

A. small land holdings for family members
B. hatred among family members arising from land sharing
C. right of individuals to free use and control of inherited land
D. individuals being restricted to their plots
E. difficulty to sell part of the inherited land

  1. Soil texture is described as the
    A. distribution of the different sizes of soil particles
    B. arrangement of soil particles in a soil sample
    C. rate at which water moves through the soil
    D. degree to which air spaces aerate the soil
    E. distribution of soil particles in a sample
  2. The alternate heating and cooling of rocks result in
    A. sublimation
    B. volatilization
    C. fragmentation
    D. solidification
    E. sedimentation
  3. Which of the following factors influence agricultural production is biotic factor?
    A. parasite
    B. soil PH
    C. topography
    D. soil texture
    E. temperature
  4. Granite is
    A. a sedimentary rock
    B. a weathered rock
    C. metamorphic rock
    D. an igneous rock
    E. a plutonic rock
  5. Which of the following farm practices can prevent excessive evaporation from soil surfaces?
    A. liming
    B. mulching
    C. weeding
    D. harrowing
    E. ploughing
  6. The type of rocks formed from the molten magma is known as
    A. sedimentary
    B. igneous
    C. metamorphic
    D. schist
    E. sandstone
  7. The relationship between the microorganisms and plant in the nitrogen cycle is best described as
    A. parasitism
    B. commensalism
    C. competition
    D. symbiosis
    E. saprophytism
  8. The type of energy obtained from the sun for agricultural uses is known as
    A. potential energy
    B. mechanical energy
    C. nuclear energy
    D. solar energy
    E. kinetic energy
  9. A situation where only specified trees in a forest reserve are cut down is known as
    A. selection
    B. afforestation
    C. reforestation
    D. selective exploitation
    E. deforestation

Here is WAEC Agric Questions Answers

  1. The causative organism of maize rust is
    A. a fungus
    B. a virus
    C. a bacterium
    D. an insect
    E. a nematode
  2. The reproductive cells of crops are called
    A. gametes
    B. genes
    C. chromosomes
    D. anthers
    E. zygotes
  3. The agent of controlled pollination in plants is
    A. wind
    B. insect
    C. man
    D. bird
    E. water
  4. The head of the tapeworm is known as the
    A. sucker
    B. rostellum
    C. scolex
    D. hook
    E. segment
  5. A piece of land is said to be on lease to a farmer when the land is
    A. inherited from the father
    B. given to him as a gift
    C. given as compensation
    D. purchased on credit
    E. given for a specified period on rental basis
Here is  WAEC Agric Questions Answers 2022/2023:Objectives and Essay

Here is WAEC Agric Questions Answers 2022/2023:Objectives and Essay

PAPER 2 [Essay]
Answer any four questions.
Write your answers on the answer booklet provided.

  1. (a) Explain the term farm mechanization.
    (b) List six limitations of farm mechanization in West Africa.
    (c) Suggest eight possible ways of encouraging the use of farm mechanization to improve agricultural production in West Africa.
  2. (a) Explain the term soil.
    (b) List four characteristics of loamy soil.
    (c) (i) Draw an annotated diagram of the water cycle.
    (ii) List the three types of soil water.
  3. (a) (i) Explain the term agriculture.
    (ii) List three industries that utilize cereals as their raw materials.
    (b) Outline six problems that hinder the attainment of self-sufficiency in food production in West Africa.
    (c) Enumerate five benefits of commercial farming.
  4. (a) Explain each of the following terms as used in crop production:
    (i) grafting;
    (ii) thinning;
    (iii) staking.
    (b) State two reasons for adopting each of the crop production activities listed in 4(a).
    (c) Mention the botanical names of two species of yam.
    (d) State two uses of ginger.
  5. (a) (i) Explain the terms line breeding and inbreeding as used in animal improvement.
    (ii) State three advantages and three disadvantages of inbreeding.
    (b) State four factors that determine the amount of water required by farm animals.
    (c) Give four sources of calcium in the diet of livestock.
  6. (a) What is fish farming?
    (b) Define the following terms as used in fish farming:
    (i) stocking rate;
    (ii) fingerlings;
    (iii) polyculture;
    (iv) fishing gears.
    (c) List four factors that influence the water requirements of farm animals.
    (d) Discuss foot-and-mouth disease under the following headings:
    (i) causal agent;
    (ii) symptoms;
    (iii) control.

Here is WAEC Agric Questions Answers 2022/2023:Objectives and Essay

7 . (a) Differentiate between land ownership by leasehold and land ownership by freehold.
(b) Mention five ways in which non-governmental organizations contribute to agricultural development in West Africa.
(c) State four ways in which rural-urban migration has hindered agricultural development in West Africa.
(d) Mention three socio-economic uses of land.
(e) Explain two ways by which each of the following environmental factors affect agricultural production: i. soil organisms; ii. soil texture.

ANS: (a) Leasehold involves the payment of fees for land used over a stated period of time under
agreed specified conditions WHILE freehold is the outright purchase of land (permanent ownership)
(c) Ways in which rural-urban migration has hindered agricultural development in West
Africa
– Shortage/ scarcity of farm labour
– Causes high cost of farm labour
– Poor quality of labour in rural areas resulting in low productivity
– Decrease in food production/food insecurity
– Decrease in export
– Inadequate supply of raw materials to agro industries
– Poor adoption of agricultural innovation due to ageing farming population.

  1. (a) (i) List the four factors of agricultural production.
    (ii) State the reward for each factor you have listed in 8(a)(i).
    (b) Outline three functions of the wholesaler in agricultural marketing.
    (c) State two objective of agricultural extension.
    (d) Mention five examples of group extension teaching methods
  2. (a) List four factors that affect the efficiency of agricultural labour.
    (b) Outline four ways in which capital is important in agricultural production.
    (c) List five agencies that are involved in agricultural extension programmes in West Africa.
    (d) Give three reasons why governments in West Africa should encourage agricultural extension services.
  3. (a) Draw and label the digestive system of a ruminant animal.
    (b) Describe the process of digestion in the ruminant animal.

Here is WAEC Agric Questions Answers 2022/2023:Objectives and Essay

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