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WAEC 2022/2023 Government Questions with Answers is here

WAEC 2022/2023 Government Questions with Answers is here

WAEC 2022/2023 Government Questions with Answers is here – In fact, the WAEC government answer 2022/2023 for essay objective questions can now be seen here. The West African Examination Council (WAEC) Government paper for SSCE will be written as scheduled

According to the timetable, the 2022 WAEC government exam for Essay Paper 2 will commence by 2:00 pm and end by 4.00 pm while Govt Objective Paper 1 will commence immediately after and end by 4.00 pm and last for 1hr.

In this post, we will be posting out WAEC Government questions and answers for candidates that will participate in the examination from past questions.

WAEC 2022/2023 Government Questions with Answers is here

PAPER 1 (Objective)
Answer All the questions in this section.
Write your answers in the answer sheet provided.

  1. In parliamentary system, the term shadow cabinet is often used to refer to the __
    A. hack-benchers in the house
    B. deputy prime ministers and assistant ministers
    C. rebellious members of the ruling party
    D. portfolio designates before the party in opposition.
  2. Power differs from influence in that it is
    A. persuasive while influence is directive
    B. coercive while influence is harmful
    C. coercive while influence is persuasive
    D. arrogant while influence is corruptive
  3. In the Igbo political system, authority was shared among
    A. Men and women with Ozo titles
    B. All age groups and warrant chiefs
    C. Elders of the community and ofo title holders
    D. Title holders and age groups
  4. A popular principle of colonial administration in British West Africa was _
    A. Association B. Indirect rule C. Assimilation D. Westernization
  5. The crucial check on an autocratic Oba in Yoruba political system was _
    A. Presenting to him a suicide symbol
    B. Avoiding the palace
    C. Sending him on exile
    D. Refusing to carry out his orders
  6. According to Aristotle, a form of government in which the few rule for the benefit of all is __
    A. Diarchy B. Aristocracy C. Autocracy D. Polyarchy
  7. The standing committee of a legislature is one
    A. whose member stand while delibrating
    B. that has statutory responsibities
    C. that perform adhoc functions
    D. that has legislators as members.
  8. Case-laws are made by the _
    A. Judiciary B. President C. Executive D. Legislature

WAEC 2022/2023 Government Questions with Answers is here

9.The two leaders that played prominent roles in the formation of ECOWAS were __
A. Acheampong and Jawara
B. Gowon and Eyadema
C. Kerkoru and Tubman
D. Kounche and Senghor

WAEC 2022/2023 Government Questions with Answers is here

  1. The political party with the widest spread of membership in Nigeria during the second republic was the _
    A. GNPP B. UPN C. NPP D. NPN
  2. The Aro system in Igboland was __
    A. a political organization
    B. a commercial organization~
    C. a religious organization
    D. an imperial organization
  3. Which of the following had a centralized administration in the per-colonial Nigeria?
    A. The Igbos B. The Tivs C. The Ibibios D. The Yoruba’s
  4. Which of the following organ control the civil service?
    A. Parliaments and the court
    B. Trade unions and the court
    C. The police and parliaments
    D. Tribunals and interest group.
  5. The expenditure of the public fund by executives in Nigeria is controlled by the __
    A. Legislature B. Judiciary C. President D. Ministry of finance
  6. Which of the following bodies is the most representative organ of the United Nations?
    A. The security council
    B. The trusteeship council
    C. The General Assembly
    D. The Economic and Social Council.
  7. The pre-colonial Tiv society can be best described as __
    A. Republican B. Aristocratic C. Feudalistic D. Monarchical.
  8. The major function of the civil service is __
    A. Keeping records of the activities of government
    B. Keeping records of the activities of government
    C. Promoting the interest of civil servants
    D. Advising government and implementing its policies.
  9. Which of the following is a feature of democracy?
    A. Power vested in minority party
    B. Popular consolation
    C. Interdependence of stats
    D. States responsibility to society.

More Government Questions with Answers

  1. When Nigeria achieved independence in 1960 the head of state as the __
    A. Governor-General B. Prime Minister C. Queen of England D. President
  2. The first restructuring of the Nigerian federation took place with the _
    A. Military counter-coup of 1966
    B. Creation of states in 1917
    C. Abolition federalism in 1966
    D. The creation of mid west region in 1963.
  3. Acculturation in colonial administration was associated with the __
    A. French policy of assimilation
    B. British policy of direct rule
    C. French policy of association
    D. British indirect rule system.
  4. An example of promotional pressure groups is __
    A. Supreme council of Islamic affairs
    B. Nigerian medical association
    C. Civil liberties organization
    D. Manufacturers association of Nigeria.
  5. The breakdown of the Macpherson constitution was partly caused by the crisis within the____
    A. NCNC B. AG C. NPC D. NNDP
  6. Nigeria is the major shareholder in the _
    A. OPEC fund for development
    B. World Bank
    C. International monetary fund
    D. Trade union.
  7. The official report of processing in parliament is known as __
    A. hansard B. diary of events C. gazette D. summary of pressing
  8. The 1946 constitution was remarkable because it
    A. created a ministerial position in Nigeria
    B. introduce regional governments in Nigeria
    C. introduced for the first time elective principle
    D. brought about self-government for Nigeria.
  9. The British government revoke the charter of the Royal Niger company and took over the administration of Nigeria in _
    A. 1861 B. 1885 C. 1900 D. 1914
  10. In Nigeria the local government service commission is set up by the
    A. Local government chairman
    B. Federal government
    C. Local government council
    D. State government.
  11. The head of common wealth of nation is _
    A. Chairman of the conference of the common wealth heads of government
    B. Queen of great Britain
    C. Prime minister of great Britain
    D. Secretary-general of the common wealth.
  12. Southern Nigeria was divided into Eastern and Western provinces for administrative purpose in _
    A. 1935 B. 1937 C. 1939 D. 1941
  13. The OAU was founded on the principles of __
    A. Settlement of international disputes by armed struggle
    B. Justifiable interference in the domestic affairs of member states
    C. Sovereign equality of member states
    D. Equal contribution by member states
  14. A major feature which differentiated the 1963 and 1979 constitution was that in the former___
    A. Ministers were appointed from the national assembly
    B. Ministers were appointed from outside the national assembly
    C. The prime minister was elected by the whole country
    D. The national assembly comprised the Senates and the national assembly.
  15. The structure of the civil service is based on
    A. lateral organisation
    B. merit system
    C. patronage system
    D. hierachical organization
  16. A common feature of a multi-party system is that government is formed by
    A. the major political party
    B. all the registered political parties
    C. a coalition of political parties
    D. the party with the highest votes.
  17. To qualify for absorption into the administration cadre of the civil service in Nigeria, an applicant must be
    A. knowledgable in civil services rule
    B. a holder of a first university degree
    C. specifically trained in public administration
    D. a senior civil serv.ant
  18. The final interpretation pf the provisions of a federal constitution is vested in the
    A. head of state
    B. council of state
    C. highest legislative body
    D. highest court of the land.
  19. A major issue that distinguishes pressure groups from political parties is
    A. Membership drive
    B. The objective
    C. The voting pattern
    D. Idealogy.
  20. Proportional representation is a system of allocating seats in the legislature based on
    A. gender participation in polities
    B. an area
    C. contribution to the national economy
    D. total votes in an election.
  21. The application of the principle of separation of powers seems impracticable because powers is
    A. delegated
    B. centralized
    C. fused
    D. separated
  22. When did Nigeria gain her Independence?
    A. 1st October, 1963
    B. 31st October, 1690
    C. 1st October, 2012
    D. 1st October, 1960
    E. 12th October, 1992
  23. The central legislature of Nigeria became bicameral in
    A. 1960
    B. 1951
    C. 1959
    D. 1963
  24. Which of these constitutions recognized local government as a third tier of government in Nigeria?
    A. 1946 Constitution.
    B. 1960 Constitution.
    C. 1963 Constitution.
    D. 1979 Constitution.
  25. A major feature of authoritarianism is that government is
    A. consensual
    B. personalized
    C. centralized
    D. decentralized.
  26. The central point of capitalism, as expounded by Karl Marx, is that
    A. capitalist profit is the surplus value obtained from workers labour
    B. workers are inherently incapable of being owners of their labour
    C. capitalists shall always increase worker earning capacity through wages
    D. capitalists shall always readily consent to workers welfare demands.
  27. A constitution that requires a plebiscite or a referendum to be amended is
    A. rigid
    B. unwritten
    C. flexible
    D. written
  28. An important function of a constitution is that it
    A. provide a framework for the study of government
    B. facilities cross-fertilization of ideas of governance
    C. serves as the fountain head of authority for the exercise of power
    D. promotes citizen participation in government and administration.
  29. When a bill passed by the legislature is vetoed by the executive, the action underscores the principle
    A. probity and accountability
    B. separation of powers
    C. collective responsibility
    D. checks and balances.
  30. In the legislative process, a bill is pass
    A. motion accepted for debate
    B. motion rejected after debate
    C. proposal before the legislature
    D. law pass by the legislature.
  31. One of the advantages of a bicameral over a unicameral legislature is that it
    A. is cheap to maintain
    B. promotes social equality
    C. takes less time for the bills to be passed
    D. prevents the passage of ill-considered bills.
  32. The fundamental rights of citizens include rights to
    A. free education, employment and freedom of thought
    B. life, speech and association
    C. life, liberty and property
    D. association,property and social securit

Government Questions & Answers

PAPER 2 (Essay)
Answer only Four questions in the section.
Write your answers in the answer booklet provided.

  1. Define Public Corporation.
    (a) A public corporation may be defined as a business organisation established, owned, managed and financed with tax payers money by government of a country with the main motive of making profit but to render essential services to members of the public.
    (b) i. Financial Control: The accounts of public corporations are audited from time to time by government Auditors and a copy of the Auditors’ report is submitted to the Minister which he presents to the parliament and this prevents financial mismanagement. ii. Judicial Control: As a legal entity which can sue and be sued, a public corporation can be dragged to court if it fails to act within the limits set by the law that established it and its action declared ultra vires.
    iii. Ministerial Control: Ministers that are answerable to the parliament are given extensive power over public corporations. These include powers to appoint and dismiss members of Board of Directors, determination of remunerations, conditions of service, approving all loans and major expenditures etc.
    iv. Public Control: Members of the public who consume goods and services of the public corporations exercise some form of control through criticisms they level against these corporations.
  2. (a) Explain the concept of political participation.
    (b) Highlight any four methods of political participation.
WAEC 2022/2023 Government Questions with Answers is here

More Government Questions with Answers

  1. (a) What is Political Socialization?
    Political socialization is the process of acquisition and transmission of political knowledge and value by individuals from one generation to another.
    (b) i. It involves the transmission of values and beliefs of the political culture by one generation to the next. ii. Political Culture is maintained and changed through political socialisation. The values, beliefs and orientations towards political objects and actions are transmitted as well as changed by this process.
    iii. Political Socialisation is a lifelong learning process but its pace and role keeps on changing from time to time. The process goes on continuously throughout the life of the individual.
    iv. Political Socialisation provides the necessary knowledge and incentive for individual’s participation in politics. Politically socialised individuals come forward to accept different roles in the political system.
    v. In nature, Political Socialisation is similar to, in fact, a part of the process of socialisation which is always at work in every society.
    vi.
  2. (a) Highlight any four major objectives of the foreign policy of any one West African Country.
    (b) Outline any four ways of preventing military intervention in politics.
  3. Highlight five reasons for the slow rate of nationalism in French speaking West Africa.
  4. i. Shortage of fund: The involvement of this organization in large scale operation affects its financial resources. This has created over time,shortage of funds.
    ii. Sovereignty of nation: The U.N.O cannot effectively enforce its decision because member states are not ready to surrender their sovereignty to the authority of the organization.
    iii. The veto power: Each of the five permanent members of the security council has a veto power. This could be used at times to satisfy their selfish interest at the expense of fulfilling the objectives of the organization.
    iv. Poverty: The inability of the united nation to effectively address the issue of poverty among member states.
    v. Difference in ideology: There difference in ideology, culture, politics and methods used in pursuing economic goal. This may negate the evolution of lasting peace in the world.
  5. (a) i. The village was the highest unit of administration.
    ii. Existence of village assembly (Oha-na-eze/Umunna).
    iii. The village priest/ diviner wielded great deal of religious and judicial powers.
  6. (a) Highlight four features of the 1979 Republican Constitution.
    (b) State two ways by which the President could be removed from office according to the Constitution.

WAEC 2022/2023 Government Questions with Answers is here

  1. i. The constitution is not a product of any constitutional conference; It was hurriedly prepared by the outgoing military government of General Abdulsalam Abubakar. Thus, many Nigerians continue to criticize it and see it more as a military constitution than the civilian constitution.
    ii. The constitution fails to define the roles of the traditional rulers in government. And The recognition of the Sharia courts contravenes the description of the country as being SECULAR.
    iii. The constitution is not clear on the functions and creation of the local governments; This makes local governments to be at the mercy of the other governments. Then, this issue of creation of more local governments has been a major source of conflict between states and federal governments. A classical example was Lagos vs Federal Government during Obasanjo’s administration.
  2. (a) i. National party of Nigeria (NDN) – Alhaji Shehu Shagari
    ii. The Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN) – Chief Obafemi Awolowo
    iii. The Great Nigeria People’s Party (GNPP) – Waziri Ibrahim
    (b) i. Since independence, political party have showed that they are loyal to the electorate during campaign and would serve their Interest of vote to power
    ii. They usually organize membership to reach all corners of the country
    iii. They have showed that their main objectives are to contests election,win and grow the country by all means.

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